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Eight Essential Elements for Butterfly & Pollinator Friendly Landscapes

Articles: Eight Essential Elements for Butterfly & Pollinator Friendly Landscapes

Western tiger swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) Photo: Kathy Zimmerman, via Wikimedia Commons

1. Plant native flowering plants in a sunny area. Cluster native flowers in a variety of colors and shapes that bloom throughout the
growing season.

2. Don’t forget to include caterpillar host plants. Many butterfly caterpillars are entirely dependent on one specific host plant; providing proper host plants is critical.

3. Place basking rocks in sunny areas. Butterflies perch on stones, spread their wings, and soak up the sun to raise their body temperature.

4. Provide wind shelter. Shrubs, fences, and hedgerows create inviting microclimates that will attract butterflies to flutter, nectar,
bask, mate, and lay their eggs.

5. Encourage “puddling.” Many butterflies drink and get important trace minerals from small puddles; provide a shallow dish filled with damp sand or mud.

6. Leave wild patches and overwintering sites. Caterpillars and pupae will find overwintering and pupation sites in your leaf litter, mulch, woodpile, and tall grasses. Pruning, weeding, and tidying should be done lightly, seasonally,...

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