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Laboratory Report

Articles: Laboratory Report

Perennial Peanut
The rhizomatous perennial peanut (Arachis glabrata) has been the prominent forage crop in the gulf coast area for over fifty years. Used as pasture and hay, it is often called the alfalfa of the south because its protein and mineral content are similar to those of alfalfa. Native to South America, the first introductions in 1930 had limited use because of their slow establishment and low productivity. Introductions by the USDA in the 1980s and 1990s had a higher nutrient value, making the importation of hay (at $90 million per year) less necessary. However, plant improvement through traditional breeding proved difficult because, although the plant produces flowers, little seed is set. Recent searches for new germ plasm in Paraguay resulted in eighty-five accessions of wild and domesticated plants that now are being used to improve the perennial peanut. Agricultural Research 56 (3): 16-17.
A Miniature Bamboo
A French citizen working on the savannah ecology of French Guiana discovered a bamboo that is believed to be the smallest in the world. The mature flowering and fruiting plants are only two centimeters (less than one inch) tall. The fruit and seeds are slight...


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